3 Tips to Teach Letter Recognition in Spaish

Do you ever wonder what is the best way to teach reading in Spanish?  Do you feel baffled at times when you are teaching reading in Spanish?  Have you ever wondered how to increase the Spanish reading fluency of the kids in your room?  In this post, I am going to offer you 3 tips to help you teach letter-and most importantly, sound recognition in Spanish so that you can jump ahead in your Dual Language or Bilingual teaching journey.

3 Tips to Teach Letter Recognition in Spanish

Before diving into the tips, it is important to understand that the letter names matter in Spanish, but the essential and relevant point here is to teach Spanish letter sounds to emergent readers of Spanish.

Tip 1: Teach the Vowel Sounds

It is important to note that when you teach the vowel sounds, you should teach them in a particular order.  Ideally, if you do have a 'Word-Wall', you should set it up phonetically in Spanish.  (More on that in another post!).  But if you do not have a Spanish phonetic Word Wall, then consider using some of these suggestions for initial sounds, plus here is the authentic sequence or order of frequency for the vowels:

O ,  I ,   E,   A,   U 

There are many different ways to teach the vowel (and consonant) sounds, but I recommend using visuals so that the kids can connect the meaning of the word and how the word looks when it is written out.

If you are in need of a resource for the alphabet in Spanish, check this one out by clicking HERE. 

Tip 2: Teach the Consonant Sounds

The same principle applies here when teaching the consonant sounds:  the letter name is good for the kids to know, but the essential and helpful point is that the kids learn the letter sounds in Spanish.

The consonants also have an order of frequency, or as I like to call it, an 'authentic sequence':

M, S, D, F, T, C (fuerte: casa), C (suave: ciudad), N, P, L, R, G (fuerte: gato), g (suave: gigante), B, V, J, H (MUDA), CH, N, Ñ, LL, L, K, Y, Z, W

An important note here is that the W is not a Spanish letter; it is used for foreign words such as 'Washington'.

Also, consider that the B and the V make the same sound in Spanish.  To help keep these separate, we often refer to the letters as, 'B de bebé' and 'V de vaca'. 

Of course the H is silent in Spanish.

If you are interested in reading more on the sequence of the syllables, please check out this blog post.

So far, these tips are very foundational and important for you to know and understand when teaching initial literacy skills in Spanish.

But my 3rd tip is super practical!

Tip #3: Use Specific Resources 

You need specific resources so that you can keep your kids engaged and independent.  And if you need a fun intervention activity, then I got you!  Whatever the method is that you use for teaching letter sounds, or 'phonemes' in Spanish, your kids will need some practice.

This is exactly why I created this FREE resource:  Rompecabezas de Fonemas.  

This free resource can be used for intervention, and as a center in one of the foundational steps to teaching reading in Spanish: knowing and practicing the letter sounds so that kids can learn to build words in Spanish. 

Wouldn't you like a Free Resource to help you get started teaching letter recognition in Spanish?  
Click on the image so that you can sign up for the Freebie!

Remember that the letter names and the letter sounds in Spanish are so similar that we don't spend a lot of time on the letter names.  This is why this freebie can really help you because your kids will learn the letter sounds quickly, and then they will be able to sound out the phonemes (or letter sounds) so that they can begin to build words and write them out.

This freebie will help you teach them because they can use the puzzle picture to help them sound out the letters and put the puzzle together so that they can see a picture of what they are spelling.  The words in this resource are sílabas directas so that you can reach your kids early on!

When the kids have the puzzle put together, then they can write the words out on the recording sheet.  You can laminate the sheet, or simply slip it into a sheet protector so that the kids can use a dry-erase marker to record their words.

If you are looking for 5 Strategies to Help You Teach Reading in Spanish then click here  so that you can read about the foundations and the process of teaching reading in Spanish in more detail.

But if you are already well into your Dual Language Teaching Journey and need resources that are already planned out and ready to go for teaching writing in Spanish, then I highly recommend that you check out El Dictado Trifecta Paquete right here!  

I hope this resource helps you out as you teach initial and foundational literacy skills in Your Dual Classroom!

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